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FtpWebRequest.UsePassive Property

Note: This property is new in the .NET Framework version 2.0.

Gets or sets the behavior of a client application's data transfer process.

Namespace: System.Net
Assembly: System (in system.dll)

public bool UsePassive { get; set; }
/** @property */
public boolean get_UsePassive ()

/** @property */
public void set_UsePassive (boolean value)

public function get UsePassive () : boolean

public function set UsePassive (value : boolean)

Property Value

false if the client application's data transfer process listens for a connection on the data port; otherwise, true if the client should initiate a connection on the data port. The default value is true.

Exception typeCondition


A new value was specified for this property for a request that is already in progress.

Setting the UsePassive property to true sends the "PASV" command to the server. This command requests the server to listen on a data port and to wait for a connection rather than initiate one upon receipt of a transfer command.

For a description of the behaviors that are specified using UsePassive, see RFC 959, "File Transfer Protocol," Section 3.2, "Establishing Data Connections" and Section 4.1.2, "Transfer Parameter Commands," available at http://www.rfc-editor.org/.

Changing UsePassive after calling the GetRequestStream, BeginGetRequestStream, GetResponse, or BeginGetResponse method causes an InvalidOperationException exception.

If UsePassive is set to true, the FTP server may not send the size of the file, and download progress can always be zero. If UsePassive is set to false, a firewall can raise an alert and block the file download.

The following code example retrieves and displays property values for a specified FtpWebRequest object.

// DisplayRequestProperties prints a request's properties.
// This method should be called after the request is sent to the server.
private static void DisplayRequestProperties(FtpWebRequest request)
    Console.WriteLine("User {0} {1}", 
    Console.WriteLine("Request: {0} {1}", 
    Console.WriteLine("Passive: {0}  Keep alive: {1}  Binary: {2} Timeout: {3}.", 
        request.Timeout == -1 ? "none" : request.Timeout.ToString()
    IWebProxy proxy = request.Proxy;
    if (proxy != null)
        Console.WriteLine("Proxy: {0}", proxy.GetProxy(request.RequestUri));
        Console.WriteLine("Proxy: (none)");
    Console.WriteLine("ConnectionGroup: {0}",
        request.ConnectionGroupName == null ? "none" : request.ConnectionGroupName

    Console.WriteLine("Encrypted connection: {0}", 

    Console.WriteLine("Method: {0}", request.Method);

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0

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